The state of Sonora is a territory rich in ecosystems where there is a great variety of species that inhabit the sea, desert, canyons, estuaries, wetlands, among others. It is formed by the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Sierras and Parallel Valleys in the center , the desert and the coast of the Gulf of California. It’s mainly composed of semi-arid deserts and meadows, where only at the highest elevations there is enough rain to sustain other types of vegetation.
Our state has a great diversity of eccosystems, which gives life to an extensive amount of flora and fauna that embellishes its landscapes and for this reason, it requires greater care of the environment for their conservation.
Sonora has a great variety of flora species, bushes predominate in the coastal plain, to the northwest and central region. There are jungles in the southeastern part of the state, followed by the subtropical thicket, the grasslands are located in the north and boarders with Chihuahua where the temperate forests are located.
With the passage of time it has been impossible to preserve some species that, due to the modifications of these ecosystems, were already declared extinct and there are others that are currently in danger of extinction.
Below you will meet some Sonoran birds that are on this list, so we must raise awareness about environmental care and pollution.
There are 13 species of birds in danger of extinction due to the invasion of their habitat and the sudden changes of climate that over time have been felt radically: the Solitary Eagle, Chara of Beechy, which are located in the southeast of Sonora in Yecora and Alamos, the Bald Eagle, to the northwest of the state, in Soyopa and Sahuaripa, Mergulo of Craveri and Mexican shearwater in the Costa de Sonora, the Royal Duck in Hermosillo and Cajeme, the Tundra Swan in Agua Prieta and San Luis Rio Colorado, the Quail Mascarita, in Benjamin Hill and the center of the entity and the Green Macaw, the Lilac-crowned Parrot, the Black Cap Vireo in Alamos, the Western Mountain Parrot in the Sierra Madre Occidental on the border with Chihuahua and the American Nutcracker no specimens have been observed in recent years.
The experts in the subject assure that the main risk factors for these species are the destruction of their habitat and their modifications, the climatic changes and the avian diseases that these own species are transmitted.